the basics of digital photography

there are a couple of differences between the digital cameras of todays modern age, and we’re going to cover a couple of them and what their differences are.

Dslr

http://www.digitaltrends.com/photography/what-is-a-dslr/

first lets start with the dslr , they’re known for their interchangeable lenses, and  customization they can be fitted with external light attachments, tripods, sd cards with more memory. a little more in depth now, for the dslr you can go from a standard to 18mm-55mm lens or beef it up with a telephoto lens which will show you something from far away but as if it was up close, for example a wildlife photographer might use a telephoto lens to take a photograph of that roaming tiger without putting himself in harms way. then in the same day might need to take a distorted photo, for that the dslr offers up that same versatility of being able to swap lenses to a fish eye lens, and if the photographer was asked to take the same photo but as a landscape then they would switch up to a wide angle lens that can grasp a bit more of the landscape, not that the fish eye cant do that, but rather they want a pristine un-distorted photo of the landscape. things that the dslr has over compact ( point and shoot) are the ability to switch different fsops, iso settings, shutter speeds and then jump to video, some of these functions arent on compacts but most are automatically done for that. the dslr can truly, manually select these settings for artistic and creative value or for the desired effect.

http://www.ebay.com/gds/What-Is-the-Difference-Between-a-Point-and-Shoot-Camera-and-a-Digital-SLR-Camera-/10000000177629147/g.html

compact/ point and shot

the next part would be the point and shoot camera which is also known as the compact camera, mostly the types of people to use this are novices and just your general photography enthusiats but there are some advantages over a dslr that a point and shoot has, for example the point and shoot automates nearly everything alot faster than you can manually adjust  your dslr for a fast shot, say for instance that you want to take a quick photo in a dangerous area due to weather, human climate or animals that could present a danger to you, then you would just pull out a compact camera, turn it on and then then snap a shot. they also have the function of being muted if for any reason that you need a stealthy shot or just need to be quiet. and some other unique features are presets to fireworks and portraits as well as landscape and nature, they’re small enough to fit in pockets and and lightweight that you wont be weighed down if you’re traveling with it.

http://searchmobilecomputing.techtarget.com/definition/camcorder

camcorder

the camcorder shoots video and on some models does occasionally have the function to take photos but not nearly as well or with as much resolution as a dslr. the main function of a camcorder is to film video digitally and in different frame rates, it has a better audio than a conventional dslr, can record audio on different tracks at the same time and can shoot in high definition , 4k, and be formatted for mp4 files. the difference between dslr and camcorders  are that camcorders can shoot video and recieve audio better while dslr can do the same just not nearly as well, or at least not yet until the technology keeps up.

cellphone camera

the cellphone camera i would reckon is the most widely used camera and has its own level of versatility too it that most consumers take for granted. it can shoot video,audio,camera ( with newer models having fstop 1.8) and have the capability to do editing on the fly with apps such as adobe lightroom on the phone, as well as shooting high dynamic range. the difference is thats where the cellphone camera stops, and the dslr/camcorder/compact reign supreme. you see cellphone cameras can zoom in 55mm or record in 4k, they dont record audio as well as the camcorder or instantly take better depth of field photos as the compact. the dslr can manually select virtually everything ive mentioned earlier and it can adjust shutter speed, a feature not found on cellphones. but the cellphone can post to social media and it can do some of the minor lightroom editing, it can also record live which is not a function on dslr, it can shoot panoramic, and slo motion, its so compact that it can fit into your pocket and has come a long way in power saving modes, it easy to pick up for nearly any user and not a bad way to start experimenting with photography.

the types of photographers to use dslr would be professional grade ranging from studio, nature, wildlife, adventure, architectural type photos.

and the type to use camcorders would be those working in the film and tv industry such as camera operators, cinematographers, news network crew, documentary, educational roles.

those that would use cellphones for their cameras either are new beginners or enthusiasts.

equipment

microphones would be used by cinematographers and recording audio, potentially for a music video or documentary. the external flash units would be used to be mounted on the hot shoe and take a pre flash followed by the actual flash, this measures how much flash would be needed for a shot and adjust with the right amount of lighting, tripods are used for absolute stability, they especially help when shooting sports and you need a fast shutter speed. as well as shooting great landscape and panoramic photos and high dynamic range. but you could mount your external flash unit on the hot shoe and shoot a panoramic photo on your tripod, then equip an external battery grip so that you could have more battery for that wedding you would shoot with a flash unit swapped for a microphone to better record that same wedding.

what are the letters on the selector wheel?

lets delve into this a little, the m will stand for manual which is the control you would have over your settings, the Iso would be a number value on some dslr’s or on a canon or nikon it would be selected with a wheel and simultaneous button press.  lower iso numbers indicate almost no grain to it and present the most basic look, if you want something gritty a higher iso would be desired. shutter speed would be presented with an s symbol and be used to shoot fast moving objects or sports it will give that slo motion look or that mid air caught in time look. the aperture is actually the focus or fstop, its an a on nikon and a tv on canon, it can focus on the subject being a foot away or the subject being 5 feet away and will make the subject the focus and the background slightly blurry or the background in focus and the subject blurry. the exposure is the amount of light thats being allowed into the shot and can be underexposed for darker photos or over exposed for more light in the photo, zero exposure is the perfect amount of light for that photo setting.

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